Equine Sarcoids

 

What are they?

  • • Considered to be a locally invasive cancerous condition
  • • Thought to be caused by the bovine wart virus
  • • It also seems that some horses are more susceptible than others
  • • Usually affected horses are > 4yrs old
  • • Spontaneous or can occur at sites of previous trauma
  • • Found anywhere on the body but especially the head, ears and legs
  • • Often affected horses have multiple lesions

Classifications

  • • Nodular: firm, round, circular nodules
  • • Fibroblastic: looks like proud flesh
  • • Verrucous: wart like
  • • Occult/flat: flat, circular, thick skinned lesions
  • • Malevolent: locally invasive with multiple nodules
  • • Mixed


Diagnosis

  • • Biopsy: some become more aggressive after the biopsy so this is often not done
  • • Response to treatment


Treatment

  • • Monitor: no treatment necessary for some especially occult and verrucous
  • • Surgical debulking then cryotherapy
  • • Application of sarcoid cream
  • • Recurrence is a common problem

 

 

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